The Law on Dog Identification from 2016
Dogs currently are required by law to wear a collar and ID tag.
Also if you purchase a puppy from 2016 it needs to be microchipped by the breeder before you buy it, and you then need to have that chip information transferred into your ownership details.
The 1992 Control of Dogs Order stated that dogs in public places must wear a collar and ID tag.
This means that your dog can have a collar with your details engraved on it or that it wears an ID tag from the collar.
There are some exceptions from wearing a collar for working dogs.
The information required on a collar or ID tag is:
Personally I prefer not to put my dogs name on the ID as this can aid thieves if your dog is stolen.
I do recommend that you have the words 'I am Chipped' or 'I am Microchipped' added to the ID.
Your choice of tag is a personal one, but whatever design you choose please ensure you have the right details according to the law (as above).
There is a fine of up to £5,000 if your dog does not have an ID tag and the fine is the same if the ID does not include the information as stated above.
As a side note - please ensure anyone who supplies you with a pet ID tag does put on the correct information, alot of these people including my local Pets At Home!!! do not know the law - relying on them could cost you £5,000 if they do not add in the correct information.
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STUFF YOU NEED TO KNOW:
COLLAR & ID TAG MUST BE WORN AT ALL TIMES
IF YOU LOSE YOUR DOG:
OTHER MORE GENERAL DOG LAW:
DOG LAW – DOG CONTROL ORDERS (DCO) (Clean Neighbours & Environments Act 2005)
DOG LAW – DOG CONTROL ORDERS – BANNED BREEDS:
DOG LAW – DOGS VERSUS DOGS (not all dogs ‘get on’):
PROOF OF OWNERSHIP OF YOUR DOG (copy of letter from ‘Dog Theft Action Chairman’)
Proof IS needed
So, you have a dog in your house which has been one of the family for years. Possibly one member of the household happily assumes the dog is theirs. However, if a partnership breaks up or the dog gets stolen can you prove the dog is yours? Dog Theft Action receives a lot of calls from very distressed owners whose dogs have been located but, in law, they can not prove ownership.
Pedigree - Not enough
Microchipping - Not enough
Registration - Still not enough.
When you take on a dog, even one that is free, ensure you have a bill of sale or a letter transferring ownership. Take photos of your dog and look for some distinguishing features. If you are the one that pays the food or vet’s bills then keep some receipts.
If you know your dog has been stolen then report it to the police and INSIST it is reported as a crime! Micropchipping/tattooing will dramatically increase the chances of you getting your dog back, if found.
But - do remember. You might need to PROVE the dog is OWNED by you!!
Neil Ewart - Chairman. Dog Theft ActionMore Info on dog laws with links to laws etc:Animal Welfare Act 2006 (PDF)
The Animal Welfare Act was introduced on April 6th 2007. From this date, the Act repealed the Protection of Animals Act 1911 and the Abandonment of Animals Act 1960. The new Act increases and introduces new penalties to tackle acts of cruelty, neglect, mutilation, tail docking, animal fighting and the giving of pets as prizes. In addition to this it introduces a duty of care for all pet owners to provide for their animals a suitable environment, a suitable diet, the ability to exhibit normal behaviour patterns, protection from pain, suffering, injury and disease and consideration of the animal’s needs to be housed with, or apart from, other animals.
The Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act 2005
Under this Act, you could be fined up to £1,000 for breaching dog control orders. Local authorities can make orders for standard offences including: failing to remove dog faeces, not keeping a dog on a lead, not putting and keeping a dog on a lead when directed to do so, permitting a dog to enter land from which dogs are excluded and taking more than a specified number of dogs on to land.
To find out whether your local authority has introduced these orders sign up to the Kennel Club’s dog owners group KC Dog, by contacting firstname.lastname@example.org, visitingwww.thekennelclub.org.uk/kcdog or calling 0844 4633 980.
The Clean Neighbourhoods and Environment Act also updates the law on stray dogs by transferring the responsibility for strays from the police to the local authorities. It is highly recommended that your dog is microchipped and registered with Petlog, the largest pet reunification scheme in the UK, as this can prove extremely effective in locating a lost pet. The Petlog Premium service can even alert local vets and dog wardens when an owner reports where their pet was lost. This can be done by telephone, SMS text message or via the Petlog website.
Contact Petlog on 0844 4633 999 or visit www.petlog.org.uk to find out more.
If you lose your dog, you should stay in regular contact with the local council, Petlog, vets, dog shelters, and put up posters in the area where you lost it.
Dog Wardens are obliged to seize stray dogs. The finder of a stray dog must return it to its owner (if known), or take it to the local authority. It is illegal to take a found dog into your home without reporting it to the police first. If you want to retain the dog, this might be allowed, provided you are capable of looking after the dog and agree to keep it for at least 28 days. However, the original owner could still have a claim for the dog's return.
Byelaws on noisy animals
If your dog's barking causes a serious nuisance to neighbours, the local authroity can serve a noice abatement notice, which if unheeded can results in you paying fines and legal expenses.
Breeding and Sales of Dogs (Welfare) Act 1999
Breeders who breed five or more litters per year must be licensed by their local authority. Breeders with fewer litters must also be licensed if they are carrying out a business of breeding dogs for sale.
Licensed breeders must:
a. not mate a bitch less than 12 months old
b. not whelp more than six litters from a bitch
c. not whelp two litters wuthin a 12 month period from the same bitch
d. keep accurate records
e. not sell a puppy until it is at least 8 weeks of age, other than to a keeper of a licensed pet shop, or Scottish rearing establishment
The Control of Dogs Order 1992
This mandates that any dog in a public place must wear a collar with the name and address of the owner engraved or written on it, or engraved on a tag. Your telephone number is optional (but advisable). The Kennel Club can provide these tags. Contact 0844 4633 980 or click here to order tags online.
Dangerous Dogs Act 1991 (section 3)
It is a criminal offence (for the owner and/or the person in charge of the dog) to allow a dog to be ‘dangerously out of control’ in a public place, a place where it is not permitted to be, and some other areas. A ‘dangerously out of control’ dog can be defined as a dog that has injured someone or a dog that a person has grounds for reasonable apprehension that it may do so. Something as simple as your dog chasing, barking at or jumping up at a person or child could lead to a complaint, so ensure that your dog is under control at all times.
If your dog injures a person, it may be seized by the police and your penalty may include a prison sentence and/or a ban on keeping dogs.
There is also an automatic presumption that your dog will be destroyed (unless you can persuade the court that it is not a danger to the public, in which case it may be subject to a control order). You may also have to pay a fine, compensation and costs.
Dangerous Dogs (Amendment) Act 1997
The 1991 Act was amended by the Dangerous Dogs (Amendment) Act 1997. The 1997 Act removed the mandatory destruction order provisions on banned breeds and re-opened the Index of Exempted Dogs for dogs which the courts consider would not pose a risk to the public. The courts were given discretion on sentencing, with only courts able to direct that a dog be placed on the list of exempted dogs.
Dogs of the following type are banned under the Dangerous Dog Act:
The Act is enforced alongside the Dangerous Dogs Act in Scotland and removes any reference to a dog’s ‘size and power’ when determining whether or not it is out of control. The legislation also covers attacks on private property and introduces dog control notices. A notice may be served by an authorised officer appointed by a local authority where a dog has been out of control. The notice sets out the reasons why an authorised officer considers the dog was out of control and specifies what steps the recipient of the notice must take to bring and keep the dog under control.
The Road Traffic Act 1988
It is an offence to have a dog on a designated road without it being held on a lead. Local authorities may have similar bye-laws covering public areas. Dogs travelling in vehicles should not be a nuisance or in any way distract the driver during a journey.
If a dog is injured in a car accident, the driver must stop and give their details to the person in charge of the dog. If there is no person in charge of the dog, the incident must be reported to the police within 24 hours.
Animals Act 1971
You could be liable for damage caused by your dog under this Act or under some degree of negligence. It is highly advisable to have third party liability insurance to cover this, something that is included in most pet and some household insurance policies.
Animal Boarding Establishments Act 1963
Anyone boarding animals as a business (even at home) needs to be licensed by the local authority.
Dogs (Protection of Livestock) Act 1953
Your dog must not worry (chase or attack) livestock (cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses and poultry) on agricultural land, so keep your dog on a lead around livestock. If your dog worries livestock, the farmer has the right to stop your dog (even by shooting your dog in certain circumstances).
Dogs Act 1871
It is a civil offence if a dog is dangerous (to people or animals) and not kept under proper control (generally regarded as not on a lead nor muzzled). This law can apply wherever the incident happened. The dog can be subject to a control or a destruction order and you may have to pay costs.
Correct at time of print March 2012
If you ever need the right advice re Dog Law, we recommend Trevor Cooper: http://www.doglaw.co.uk/
The amended Dangerous Dogs Act came into effect in England and Wales on 13 May 2014. This law applies to all dog owners no matter what size or breed, whether your pet is a Chihuahua, a Cockapoo or a Collie cross.
Advice sheet from the National Animal Welfare Trust is copied below & also in the link here:
Which elements of the existing Dangerous Dogs Act should dog owners be aware of?Section 3 of the Act applies to every single dog owner in England and Wales. Under this section, it is a criminal offence for the person in charge of the dog to allow it to be ‘dangerously out of control’ in a public place.
A dog doesn't have to bite to be deemed dangerous in the eyes of the law
Generally if a dog bites a person, it will be presumed to have been ‘dangerously out of control’, however even if the dog does not bite, but gives the person grounds to feel that the dog may injure them, the law still applies.
Not many dog owners are aware of this, and it is important to hold that thought when looking at the changes.
What’s changed?While owners need to be fully aware of all the changes, the biggest difference from now on is the Act also covers incidents on private property in addition to public spaces. This includes your own house and both front and back gardens.
The most important point to consider is how to keep unexpected visitors or delivery drivers safe on your property. The requirement for the law to cover private places as well as public ones has long been campaigned for by the Communication Workers Union. Numerous Royal Mail and other delivery services employees are injured by dog bites each year and up until now there has not been the legislation to enable action to be taken to ensure their future safety.
You need to make sure that any visitor can safely access your front door without encountering your dog.
There is a slight grey area in these changes in that if the person attacked is a burglar or trespasser your dog may not be considered dangerously out of control if it is in a building that is your private dwelling at the time of the attack. However, this does not cover incidents in your back or front garden so while the law is yet to be tested, all dog owners should ensure that all areas of their gardens where their dogs could encounter unexpected visitors are secure.
If necessary it is also worth talking to your neighbours and asking them not to let their children climb your fences to retrieve balls etc to be on the safe side.
Manage your dog when someone knocks
We all know that fewer letters are being sent through the post, but the rise in internet shopping means that more parcels and especially signed for parcels are being delivered, which requires the delivery person to knock at the door. This change in legislation should be a wake up call to all dog owners to ensure their dogs are under control when they open the door otherwise they risk committing a criminal offence.
It is not unusual for a dog to be reactive to any visitor to your door, so you need to decide now how you are going to manage that situation. The easiest thing to do is to shut your dog in another room or in the garden, provided of course the dog cannot access the front door from the garden. If that is not an option, then you will need to seek the services of an experienced or qualified dog trainer or behaviourist to teach your dog some new behaviours around the door.
You also need to consider how your dog greets people. What you view as a dog being friendly by jumping up at visitors may be seen as threatening behaviour by a stranger.
Owning a dog is a huge responsibility and should not be taken lightly, however by taking some time to think about what these changes mean to you and your dog, you will be taking steps to keep everyone safe and avoid ending up in a position that no one wants to find themselves in.
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